Women are more likely to work outside the home when they can travel independently and safely
Rapid assessment of sexual harassment in public transport and connected spaces in Karachi
A study in Karachi found that more than four out of five working women and students and nearly seven in ten homemakers were harassed at least once while commuting in the previous year; of those experiencing harassment, 23 percent of working women, 31 percent of students, and 20 percent of homemakers reduced their use of public transportation as a result.
Asian Development Bank | 2014
Policy brief: A safe public transportation environment for women and girls
Personal safety concerns led women in Karachi to use public transport less in the evening; report authors posited a related decrease in women’s “access to continuing education, flexible working arrangements or night shifts, and leisure activities.”
Asian Development Bank | 2015